L’INSS publie un papier intéressant au regard de la position d’Israël sur la Cisjordanie.
Prime Minister Ehud Olmert’s legacy vis-à-vis the occupied territories will be a strengthened Israeli hold on the settlement blocs west of the security fence, in particular around Jerusalem. Olmert’s fundamental approach views the security fence as Israel’s de facto border, and is the basis of his decisions regarding new construction in the territories and his positions in negotiations with the Palestinian Authority. “Dividing the land in order to ensure a Jewish majority is the lifeline of Zionism,” Olmert declared when presenting his government to the Knesset in May 2006.
When elected prime minister in the spring of 2006, Olmert’s primary stated objective was to establish a defined border between Israel and the future Palestinian state, and evacuate the residents of the settlements east of the border. Analysis shows that the government has acted to advance this objective, albeit at a slow pace. The government sought to establish the route of the security fence as Israel’s de facto border, while avoiding confrontation with the settlement population and the international community. The principal tools were extensive building within the settlement blocs and an attempted freeze on construction east of the fence. Though not official government policy, the line of the security fence served Olmert and Minister of Defense Ehud Barak as the guideline for new building permits in the settlements.
Instead of confrontation, the government – through the Minister of Defense – has tried to reach an agreement with the settlement leadership about voluntary evacuations in exchange for moving the residents to approved settlements. To date, four of the twenty-six illegal outposts established after March 2001 – which Israel promised to evacuate in fulfillment of its roadmap obligations – have been evacuated in this manner. However, the process is moving along at a snail’s pace, and the American administration has avoided exerting pressure on Olmert to fulfill his promise to evacuate the illegal outposts.
L’on peut lister ainsi les priorités:
- La sécurité maximum.
- Une majorité juive écrasante sur les territoires qui permettent cette sécurité.
- En dehors des principaux blocs de colonisation, homogènes et qui garantissent cette sécurité maximum, la terre n’a pas d’importance sauf si l’on doit tirer le couteau face aux colons.
- La meilleure solution serait donc un gruyère territorial en Cisjordanie avec enclaves juives et blocs palestiniens mais ces derniers – quelque soit leur représentants passé, actuel ou futur, n’accepteront pas ce qui veut notamment dire conflit avec la communauté internationale. Moindre mal, mais problème quand même.